What is Cystic Acne?

The Structure of the Skin

The human skin is made up of two primary layers called the epidermis and dermis. The skin is the first line of defense and it serves as a barrier that protects the body by making molecules such as proteases, lysozymes, and antimicrobial peptides, all of which protect against invasion by bacteria.

Causes of Acne

How Acne Develops

There are several internal and external factors that can lead to acne, but in general, it is mainly caused by increased secretion of oil and buildup of dead skin cells and other debris. Acne develops through the following steps:-

What Causes Acne

Most people ask whether the bacteria living in the follicles of the skin play an active part in the development of acne. Up to date, with the knowledge that we have, the answer is yes as well as no.

Product Reviews and Recommendations

Diagnosis of Acne

Physical Examination

Diagnosis of cystic acne is done through a detailed physical examination conducted by a qualified health care professional.
The diagnostic process for cystic acne may also include microbiological testing (in cases where there is suspicion of the involvement of gram-negative bacteria) and endocrinology testing to evaluate for contributing factors like hormonal

Treatment of Acne

Topical Treatments

Oral Medications

Hormonal Treatments

In Office Procedures

Laser and Phototherapy Treatments

Herbal Treatments

Dietary Recommendations

Relaxation and Cognitive Therapy

Causes of Treatment Failure

Topical Treatments

Oral Medications

Hormonal Treatments

In Office Procedures

Laser and Phototherapy Treatments

Acne Scars

Many people suffer from scars caused by acne. Scarring generally takes place as a direct result of damage to the skin in the healing timeframe of active acne lesions.
Acne scars are classified into two basic kinds, depending on whether or not there has been a net loss or gain of collagen as atrophic and hypertrophic scars respectively. 80 to 90 % of individuals that have acne scars usually show scars that are related to a loss of collagen (these are known as atrophic scars), while a smaller percentage of individuals show hypertrophic scars.